Urine samples can be tested using various tests. In this way, many diseases can be clarified or their course monitored.
One of the simplest and most widely used methods of examination is the use of urine test stripes.
You dip a test strip into your urine for a few seconds. Depending on the concentration at which substances are present, the relevant fields of the test strip will be discolored in different colours.
The following substances can be tested with common urine rapid tests:
If a simple quick test is not sufficient, or if the rapid test leads to conspicuous values, a complete urine status is performed in a laboratory. It usually consists of three parts:
- Assessing the colour, clarity and concentration of urine
- Investigation of the chemical composition of the urine with a test strip
- Examination of urine with a microscope for bacteria, cells and cell components
A urine culture can also be applied as a further examination if an infection of the kidneys, bladder or urinary tract is suspected. The microbiological examination of urine samples by breeding on breeding soils is referred to as urine culture. For the urine culture, sterilely captured middle-ray urine or catheterurine is applied to soils. Existing pathogens multiply on the soils and can then be further examined microscopically and chemically.