All information on symptom/disease images

At a glance

There are a number of clinical pictures in which high-quality urine diagnostics can have a preventive, supportive or sometimes decisive function. In principle, a urine test is always necessary if, for example, the doctor wants to determine the exact composition of the urine. Urine values that deviate from the norm can give first indications of a basic disease.

Further information

Many of these clinical pictures, in particular those of the kidneys, are symptom-poor and the diagnosis often takes place only in a strongly advanced stage of the illness.

However, there are some symptoms where the examination may be useful:

  • Increased need for drinking (polydipsia)
  • Blood in the urine
  • Lack of ability to sweat (anhidrosis)
  • Weight loss
  • Abdominal pain
  • Cravings
  • Sugar smell of urine
  • Breakthrough pain
  • Urinary retention

In case of substantial suspicions or persistent complaints, medical personnel should always be consulted.


  • Schmelz, H. U. et al.: Facharztwissen Urologie , 2nd edition, 171-196
  • National Kidney Foundation (2002): K/DOQI clinical practice guidelines for chronic kidney disease: evaluation, classification, and stratification. At J Kidney Dis.; 1–266
  • Roche Diagnostics Deutschland GmbH (2009): Nierendiagnostik Grundlagen der Labormedizin; 1-60
  • Duncan, K. A. et al. (1985): Urinary lipid bodies in polycystic kidney diseases. Am J Kidney Dis, 49
  • Roche Diagnostics Deutschland GmbH (2014): Kompendium der Urinanalyse. Urinteststreifen und Mikroskopie; 1-196
Status of information: Spring 2020