Pregnancy

All information on pregnancy

At a glance

The very first pregnancy test was launched in 1977. Self-tests for the home were available a few years later. However, these were not comparable to today’s tests. They were very complicated sets, which only after several hours brought a result.

The first pregnancy test for the home was called “Predictor”.

Critics at the time feared a wave of suicide by unmarried women by introducing the test.

They were worried that single women would kill themselves if a pregnancy test turned out to be positive. Which was completely unfounded, as it turned out.

At the beginning, many pharmaceutical companies also objected to the introduction of self-testing. But they gradually gave up the resistance.

For more information

Today, about eight out of ten women learn about their pregnancy through the self-test. Even though the meaning of the pregnancy test was initially heavily criticized, today it is inconceivable from everyday life.

The basis of all pregnancy tests then as now is the measurement of the pregnancy hormone beta-HCG. A distinction is made between urine tests and blood tests. In the blood, the beta-HCG detection succeeds earlier than in urine.

Just like ovulation tests, the concentration of beta-HCG is usually greatest in the morning urine. In the first few weeks, the beta-HCG concentration in the blood increases steadily and doubles approximately every two days. The maximum is reached approximately between the 8th and 12th week of pregnancy. After that, the beta-HCG in the blood decreases, so that from about the 20th week of pregnancy, the urine tests are only very weakly positive.

Sources

  • Breckwoldt et al.(2008): Gynäkologie und Geburtshilfe, Georg Thieme Verlag, 5. Auflage
  • Diedrich, Holzgreve, Jonat, Schultze-Mosgau, Schneider, Weiss (eds.) (2007):Gynäkologie und Geburtshilfe. 2., completely reworked edition, Springer Verlag, Heidelberg
  • Sivasubramaiyan K, et al (2009): Y-27632 enhances differentiation of blastocyst-like cystic human embryoid bodies to endocrinologically active trophoblast cells on a biomimetic platform. J Biomed, 16:88
  • Brigitte: 10 Fakten zum heimischen Schwangerschaftstest!, URL: https://www.brigitte.de/gesund/gesundheit/fakten-zum-schwangerschaftstest–wusstet-ihr-das–10833878.html, Retrieved 18.06.2019
  • Demel, L. et al. (2019): Schwangerschaftstests, URL: https://www.netdoktor.at/familie/schwangerschaft/schwangerschaftstest-5798, Retrieved 18.06.2019
Status of information: Autumn 2019